Puerto Rico

Stop Using The Word «Caucasian» To Mean White

Participants completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews at baseline and follow-up. G. M. Wingood, R. J. DiClemente, K. Villamizar, M. DeVarona, and E.

Hence, this definition would effectively include French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish peoples etc. as «latinos» along with the people descended from the Latin colonies. The U.S. Census Bureau defines being Hispanic as an ethnicity, rather than a race, and thus people of this group may be of any race. In a 2015 national survey of self-identified Hispanics, 56% said that being Hispanic is part of both their racial and ethnic background, while smaller numbers considered it part of their ethnic background only (19%) or racial background only (11%).

Latinas also have higher rates of gestational diabetes, which puts them at greater risk for type 2 diabetes later in life. Latina women experience unintended pregnancy at twice the rate experienced by white women. Latina women experienced higher rates of human papillomavirus, or HPV, than white women as of 2010 and twice the death rate from cervical cancer. Seventeen percent of Latina women receive Medicaid, compared to 9 percent for white women. Hypertension is slightly less prevalent among Latina women, at 29 percent, than among white women, at 31 percent.

In other words, if you compare the genomes of people from different parts of the world, there are no genetic variants that occur in all members of one racial group but not in another. Europeans and Asians, for instance, share almost the same set of genetic variations. As Jablonski described earlier, the racial groupings we have invented are actually genetically more similar to each other than they are different — meaning there’s no way to definitively separate people into races according to their biology. The effects of this history prevail today — even in current definitions of race, where there’s still an underlying assumption that traits like skin color or hair texture have biological, genetic underpinnings that are completely unique to different racial groups. The idea of «race» originated from anthropologists and philosophers in the 18th century, who used geographical location and phenotypic traits like skin color to place people into different racial groupings.

The adaptation process remained faithful to the underlying theories and core elements of the original SiSTA intervention. The Latina health educators implemented the AMIGAS curriculum with remarkable fidelity. Of all the activities outlined in the curriculum, 98% were independently rated as having been correctly implemented. The participants also gave health educators superior ratings for the manner in which they delivered the curriculum. Two trained Latina health educators presented AMIGAS in Spanish during 4 interactive group sessions lasting 2.5 hours each.

In the USA, up until the 1950s he’d be considered «Black.» Is he Black? Whomever wrote this article needs to be censured.I think the article does lean towards political correctness; but I think the author needs not to be censured but introduced to some statistical concepts. The physical differences we notice among the peoples native to sub-saharan Africa, Europe, eastern Asia etc. are biological in origin.

The race and culture of each Hispanic/Latino country and their United States diaspora differs by history and geography. Hispanic or Latino origin is independent of race and is termed «ethnicity» by the United States Census Bureau. The overwhelmingly majority of Latinos descend from a mixture of Spanish and Native Americans, and depending on the regions within Latin America, a significant proportion also have high to moderate or low levels of colonial era Sub-Saharan African input.

These are phenotypical differences which result from genetic variations. I believe it is true that the variability within any «racial» group can be quite substantial, but not so much that an observer could wrongly perceive a person’s race. There is enough enough overlap in the distribution of the skin tones of Europeans and Africans to mistake a European with dark skin for an African with light skin; but then the other the other phenotypical http://www.ulusoylogistics.com/duyurular/a-straightforward-trick-for-salvadoran-women-unveiled traits would have to bear more resemblance to the African prototype than the European prototype as well. So it might be possible but highly improbable that we could find a European with very dark skin, tightly curled hair, and thick lips that suggest the African prototype rather than the European prototype. Perceptions of race even inform the way we construct our own identities — though this isn’t always a negative thing.

People do frequently «wrongly» identify the race of others — at least, according to the people who say they have been misidentified. If he grows a beard, he looks like, and has been mistaken for, an Arab. But his DNA does not show Semitic origin as a primary contributor. He also has North African and Italian/Greek DNA, and he can become quite dark in the sun.

Enumerators were instructed that all people born in Mexico, or whose parents were born in Mexico, should be listed as Mexicans, and not under any other racial category. In prior censuses and in 1940, enumerators were instructed to list Mexican Americans as white, perhaps because some of them were of white background , many others mixed white and Native American and some of them Native American. Enumerators were instructed to no longer use the «Mulatto» classification.

However, given the fact that «Latino» is derived from Latin, then the other cultures/languages that are also derived from Latin, i.e. French, Italian and Romanian, are also accurately defined as «Latinos».

In log points, the aggregation of the Hispanic woman penalty and the white man premium is equivalent to the total white-men-to-Hispanic-women gap, and their relative magnitudes can be used to calculate the percentage point contribution of each component to the aggregate gap. Importantly, both models confirm the empirical evidence presented by Paul, Zaw, Hamilton, and Darity of the role of intersectionality in the labor market. Specifically, Hispanic women’s total wage gap (40 percent, as calculated with Paul et al.’s specification) is larger than the addition of their gender wage gap with Hispanic men and their ethnic wage gap with white women . Depressed labor force participation and work hours bring down earnings for individual Hispanic women workers and may also contribute to a more precarious and anti-competitive labor market for all workers.

The sessions took place on consecutive Thursday evenings at the Miami–Dade County HIV/AIDS Office, with 7 to 8 participants per group. A single trained Latina health educator delivered the general health intervention in Spanish to the women who were randomized to the comparison group.


It is important to note that Latino/a is an ethnic category, and one that encompasses various racial groups. Latinas are women of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central American, South American, or Spanish origin.

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не в сети уже 7 ч.


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